《深海》——探索的魅力

2016年10月16日 2 回复

自从弄了一台Kindle Voyage,看书变得相当方便。听起来像是广告软文,不过这不是本文的主题。但还是先回顾一下在电子设备上阅读的历史吧。最看时的一段时间用手机看PDF,那时还是iPhone4,在今天看来显得太小的小屏幕上我读完了《邓小平时代》、《冰与火之歌》以及《银河帝国》之类的大部头。通常的阅读场所是在上海地铁二号线的站台上,或是二号线的车厢里。后来老乔去世,手机厂商们纷纷丧失了昙花一现的审美观,也清一色的推出了大屏手机,于是又开始在东京的电车上用iPhone6看起了《海伯利安》。但这时候已经觉得颇有不便,估计一些用手机看书的人会有类似的经历,习惯了浏览网页后手指会不经意地上下滑动,虽然不影响阅读但却丝毫没有那种翻页看书的感觉(当然也可以设置为单页切换,但那样总觉得更别扭)。之后也短暂的尝试了一下iPad mini,不得不说在这个设备上的阅读体验要比手机好得多,然而过了不久就会发现这个东西有些重了,另外一个问题是时不时地会切换到别的应用里看一眼,因为切换实在很方便,更不用说当通知框弹出来的时候了。

如今在Amazon上买书感觉比较“轻松”。记得之前在下单之前总要犹豫一两天,那时候就算是二三十块钱也要精打细算,如今看来似乎很有趣,在超市随手拿上一盒300多日元的水果,用信用卡支付,按汇率换算后也就相当于拎着一本书回家。照这个逻辑来看,每隔两三天买一本书,不出几年恐怕就摆得满几个大书架了。

言归正传。用上Voyage不久,就读到了一本让人眼前一亮的作品。根据介绍,James Nestor是《纽约时报》和《户外》的专栏作家,他用一年半的时间走访世界各地,焦点集中在人类对于海洋的探索历程。他按照深入海洋的程度来安排整本书的结构,从自由潜水开始一直到深海探测器,深度自水下100英尺到三万英尺。总的说来这本书最大的阅读乐趣在于从头到尾都是在描写一个跟我们日常生活完全不同的世界,这个不同不单是文化的不同,而是彻底的从法则上开始的不同。面对这个环境首先要解决的是呼吸问题,紧接着还要学会耳压平衡、减慢心率等等触及生命活动基础的技巧。这些东西相信对于每一个生活在大都市里的人来说都是一个全新的话题,所能带来的新鲜感不亚于了解在宇宙中生存的知识。

对于自由潜水,之前所有的了解来自于一位大名鼎鼎的导演的名作之一,1988年上映的《碧海蓝天》成了经典的文艺片,在各大排行榜上都占有一席之地。这部电影的主线就是由两位自由潜水员来承担的,几年前在网上看到时对这种凭着一口气垂直下降入海的运动基本无法理解,怎么看都是毫无激情和技术可言的一种单调竞赛。而《深海》恰恰以自由潜水作为贯穿全书的主线,从一次让作者印象深刻的锦标赛开始,到最终在留尼旺和抹香鲸研究者一同自由潜,为了写书亲身跑过半个地球来实践,这样的精神确实值得称赞。

《碧海蓝天》中的让-马克•巴尔与让•雷诺

比较违反直觉的是,自由潜水是危险程度最高的几项极限运动之一,能够与这项运动相提并论的是翼装飞行与高楼跳伞。这一点在书中体现的淋漓尽致,在前半部分中作者对于那些自由潜水爱好者的看法与其说是敬佩,不如说是难以理解。不过随着了解的不断深入以及与资深潜水员交流之后,可以看得出作者建立了自己对于这项运动的健康的价值观,与其闭上双眼挑战身体极限去追求代表深度的数字,不如享受接触未知海洋的整个过程。这里倒是可以推荐一个视频,法国自由潜水高手内里在Youtube上有一个至今点击超过两千万次的蓝洞水中“自由落体”视频,充满艺术感,可以在Youtube上搜“Guillaume Nery base jumping at Dean's Blue Hole, filmed on breath hold by Julie Gautier”,大陆的网路上应该也能找得到。书中也记录了一次作者和内里在比赛期间的谈话,可以看出来这位法国高手同样拥有对待自由潜水健康积极的态度。(前几天看到消息说内里来中国做了一次活动,还出了书。)

蓝洞中的自由落体

《深海》的前半部分大概都是围绕着人类的潜水活动来写,而后半部分就更贴合书的题目。从抹香鲸的语言到深海探测器,这些事物可以称得上是真正的未知。我们在陆地上创造了自己的世界,而包围陆地的海洋中还有另一个世界。目前对于抹香鲸的研究可以基本确定这种生物拥有发达的语言能力,作者也记录了一次随民间研究者一起出海采集声音样本的经历。对于其中描写的“嗒嗒声”,后来我专门到Youtube上找了一些视频音频,虽然没法感受到书中所描写的那种声波中蕴含的强大的力量,但那种特殊的声音的确非常奇妙。

整体来看,这本书对于专业的了解自由潜水或是海洋研究来说都不足以称得上权威,但真实反映了James Nestor一步一步对于一个未知世界的探索过程,由浅及深,从观察到体验,这样的一段经历无论对于作者还是读者都是相当宝贵的。毕竟探索是人类的天性之一,在我看来也算得上一种美德了。

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2 条对 “《深海》——探索的魅力”的回复

  1. 管理员

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  2. Tamara Moffitt

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